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What is the Syllabus of CBSE Class 12 Commerce?

K P Sheeja
Jan 27, 2022
CBSE

Central Board of Secondary Education has Commerce as one of the main streams apart from (Humanities) Arts, Physics, Chemistry and Biology, and Physics Chemistry and Math, and a combination of PCMB. 

The recent 2022 syllabus for class 12 commerce stream and term breakdown will be addressed in this article.

The core subjects include Accountancy, Economics, Business Studies, English and one elective which is different in different schools like Fine Arts, Psychology, Web Technology, IT, C++, Maths, Physical Education, Home Science, Entrepreneurship etc.

For the academic sessions 2021 and 2022, Term 1 exams will be held between November-December 2021 and the duration of exam will be 1 hour. The question type will be Multiple Choice Questions which will be captured through OMR sheets. 

It will be held and observed by external superintendents appointed by CBSE. The weightage will be given equally to both Term 1 and Term 2.

For the academic session 2021 and 2022, Term 2 exams will be held between March-April 2022 and the duration of exam will be 2 hours offline or online.

The question type will be Multiple Choice Questions or short type, long type, situation based and cased base which will be captured through OMR sheets or depending on the pandemic condition. 

It will be held and observed by external superintendents appointed by CBSE. The weightage will be given equally to both Term 1 and Term 2.

Contribution in overall Score

Pandemic Condition Improves and Both Exams will be held offline:

Equal weightage to both Term 1 and Term 2 exams

Term 1 Exam Online and Term II Exam Offline:

Term I will be given lesser weightage than term II in such a condition

Term I Exam will be Offline and Term II Exam will be Offline:

Term I will be given more weightage than term II exams

If both Term 1 and Term II Exams are held online due to complete lockdown:

Results will be computed on the basis of the Internal Assessment / Practical / Project Work and Theory Marks of Term I and Term II exams taken by the candidate from home in class X or Class XII subject to the moderation or other measures to ensure validity and reliability of the assessment. Throughout the year irrespective of Term I or Term II.

Internal Assessment

IX and X

3 Periodic Tests

Student Enrichment

Portfolio

Practical Work

Speaking and Listening Activities

Projects

XI and XII

End of Topic or Unit Tests

Exploratory Activities

Practicals

Projects

Accountancy Syllabus for Class 12

The course in accountancy is introduced at plus-two  stages of senior secondary school education, as the formal commerce education is provided after ten years of schooling. 

With the fast changing economic scenario, accounting as a source of financial information has carved out a place for itself at the senior secondary stage. 

Its syllabus content provides students a firm foundation in basic accounting concepts and methodology and also acquaints them with the changes taking place in the preparation and presentation of financial statements in accordance with the applicable accounting standards and the Companies Act 2013.

 Theory for class 12 amounts to 80 and project amounts to 20 marks each respectively.

There are 3 parts- Part A, Part B and Part C.

 

Subjects

Periods

Marks

Part A: Accounting for Not-for-Profit Organizations, Partnership Firms, and Companies

Unit 1. Financial Statements of Not-for-Profit Organizations

25

10

Unit 2. Accounting for Partnership Firms

90

30

Unit 3. Accounting for Companies

35

20

 

150

60

Part B: Financial Statement Analysis

Unit 4. Analysis of Financial Statements 30 12

20

8

Unit 5. Cash Flow Statement 20 8 50 20

50

20

 

70

28

Part C: Project Work

Project work will include:

Project File

12 Marks (One Hour)

12 Marks (One Hour)

Written Test

4 Marks

4 Marks

 The benefits of it and objective as per the board are-

1. To familiarize students with new and emerging areas in the preparation and presentation of financial statements.

2. To acquaint students with basic accounting concepts and accounting standards.

3. To develop the skills of designing a need based accounting database.

4. To appreciate the role of ICT in business operations.

5. To develop an understanding about recording of business transactions and preparation of financial statements.

6. To enable students with accounting for Not-for-Profit organizations, accounting for Partnership Firms, and company accounts.

Business Studies Syllabus for Class 12

The courses in Business Studies and Accountancy are introduced at + 2 stages of Senior Secondary Education as formal commerce education is provided after the first ten years of schooling. 

Therefore, it becomes necessary that instructions in these subjects are given in such a manner that students have a good understanding of the principles and practices bearing in business (trade and industry) as well as their relationship with the society.

Theory for class Business Studies class 12 amounts to 80 and project amounts to 20 marks each respectively for a duration of 3 hours.

There are 3 parts- Part A, Part B and Part C.

Subjects

Periods

Marks

Part A: Principles and Functions of Management

   

Nature and Significance of Management

12

16

Principles of Management

14

Business Environment

12

Planning

14

14

Organizing

15

Staffing

16

20

Directing

15

Controlling

12

Total

110

50

 

Part B: Business Finance and Marketing

   

Financial Management

20

15

Financial Markets

18

Marketing Management

30

15

Consumer Protection

12

Total

80

30

 

Part C: Project Work (One)

30

20

The benefits of it and objective as per the board are-

1. To inculcate business attitude and develop skills among students to pursue higher education, world of work including self employment. 

2. To develop students with an understanding of the processes of business and its environment

3. To acquaint students with the dynamic nature and interdependent aspects of business;  To develop an interest in the theory and practice of business, trade and industry

4. To familiarize students with theoretical foundations of the process of organizing and managing the operations of a business firm

5. To help students appreciate the economic and social significance of business activity and the social cost and benefits arising from there.

6. To acquaint students with the practice of managing the operations and resources of business.

7. To enable students to act more effectively and responsibly as consumers, employers, employees and citizens.

Economics Syllabus for Class 12

Economics is one of the social sciences, which has great influence on every human being. As economic life and the economy go through changes, the need to ground education in children’s own experience becomes essential. While doing so, it is imperative to provide them opportunities to acquire analytical skills to observe and understand the economic realities.

Theory for Economics class 12 amounts to 80 and project amounts to 20 marks each respectively for a duration of 3 hours.

There are 3 parts- Part A, Part B and Part C.

 

Subjects

Periods

Marks

Part A: Introductory Macroeconomics

   

Unit 1: National Income and Related Aggregates

12

30

Unit 2: Money and Banking

6

15

Unit 3: Determination of Income and Employment

10

25

Unit 4: Government Budget and the Economy

6

15

Unit 5: Balance of Payments

6

15

 

40

100

 

Part B: Indian Economic Development

   

Unit 6: Development Experience (1947-90) and Economic Reforms since 1991

12

28

Unit 7: Current Challenges facing the Indian Economy

22

60

Unit 8: Development Experience of India – A Comparison with Neighbors

6

12

Theory Paper (40+40 = 80 Marks)

40

100

 

Part C: Project Work

20

20

The benefits of it and objective as per the board are-

1. Understanding of some basic economic concepts and development of economic reasoning which the learners can apply in their day-to-day life as citizens, workers and consumers. 

2. Realization of learners’ role in nation building and sensitivity to the economic issues that the nation is facing today. 

3. Equipment with basic tools of economics and statistics to analyze economic issues.

4. This is pertinent for even those who may not pursue this course beyond senior secondary stage.

5. Development of understanding that there can be more than one view on any economic issue and necessary skills to argue logically with reasoning.

K P Sheeja

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